During this period of internal disruption and military rule, the kwans were forced to organize into one body by Governmental Decree #6, which ordered all schools of the Korean martial arts to unify under one banner. As a result, the leaders of the kwans again came together and attempted to form one organization. Heated debate went on throughout 1961. The group emerged with the name Korea Tae Soo Do Association. As was the case with the Korea Kong Soo Do Association, the primary concern was formalized teaching and promotion standards. To help to achieve this, an inspection team was set up and deployed to the various kwans in order to enforce the use of standardized hyung (forms) and taeryun (free-sparring techniques).

Although the Korea Tae Soo Do Association was the governing body that laid the foundation for taekwondo, there was still a large amount of infighting. Many of the advanced members did not like the fact that they were being told what they must teach and how they must promote their students. Again, at the forefront of this controversy was Hwang Kee. On July 20, 1962, Hwang Kee wrote his letter of resignation from the organization.

General Choi and the Korea Tae Soo Do Association

Although General Choi was instrumental in the coup, it is important to note that his previous close association with ousted. President Rhee prevented him from playing an important role in the formation of this organization. In fact, although he once held the pivotal positions of commander of the Sixth Korean Army and director of intelligence, he was extremely disliked by the new Korean president, Park Chung Hee; General Choi had once been President Park's superior officer. As a result, Choi was forced to resign from the military, and was sent to Malaysia in the capacity of ambassador. The Korea Tae Soo Do Association remained without a president for approximately one year after it was founded. Finally, General Choi Myung Shin became its first president on December 28, 1962. During this same period, Hwang Kee was granted governmental recognition for his organization by the Korea Amateur Sports Association and the Ministry of Education. This action allowed his Korea Soo Bahk Do Association to remain free from interference throughout the years ahead.

Written by Conrad Howard — November 21, 2012

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