The Korea Tang Soo Do Association
During this period of war, several kwan leaders, who were living in the Korean wartime capital ofFusan, formed an alliance and vowed to create a governing body. At the end of the Korean War, the kwan leaders joined forces and set about formalizing an organization. They named this governing body the Korea Kong Soo Do Association. Because politics influenced all aspects of Korean culture, the first president of the organization was Jo Young Joo, the head of the Association of Korean Residents in-Japan. He was soon followed by a new president, the Republic of Korea minister of finance, Lee Joong Jae. Ro Byung Jick was elected its director and Lee Chong Woo the secretary general. The focus of this organization was to provide a standardized system of testing. As each kwan leader had his own system of teaching and testing, this proved to be problematic. Nonetheless, the first two tests were given at the central dojang of the Chung Do Kwan, which was actually located in the Si Chun Church, when it was not in use for worship. The next two tests were given at the Chae Shin Bu Dojang.
At this time, the rank of fourth dan was the highest degree awarded by the Korea Kong Soo Do Association. This rank was given to the original kwan founders and the advanced teachers of the various kwans. There was immediate conflict among some founders of the original Korean kwans however. They were dissatisfied with the promotion standards within this organization. Two of the leaders of this dispute were Hwang Kee (Moo Duk Kwan) and Son Duk Sung (Chung Do Kwan). Hwang Kee was the first to leave the organization, one month after it was formalized. His departure was in no small part due to the fact that he was not given a position on the Central Testing Committee—which set the standards for the organization. Approximately one month later, Son Duk Sung removed his group, Chung Do Kwan, from the organization for the same reason. It was less than a year before the Korea Kong Soo Do Association began to disintegrate. Hwang Kee was pushing forward his Korea "fang Soo Do Moo Duk Kwan Association, by petitioning the Korea Amateur Sports Association to grant it formalized status. This attempt eventually failed because it was blocked by a key player in the Korea Kong Soo Do Association, Ro Byung Jick. What this attempt did, however, was to fuel the in dependence movement among the other kwans that had not become formalized within this group. Some of the kwans that desired ongoing independence were the Han Moo Kwan, the Jung Do Kwan, and the Oh Do Kwan, all of which continued to hold their own promotional testing. It was particularly the Oh Do Kwan that eventually caused the Korea Kong Soo Do Association to fail, primarily because of the influence General Choi's Oh Do Kwan had with the Korean military and with the Korean government. Without General Choi's support a successful central association was virtually impossible.